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专利翻译翻译要注意三点事项

   专利翻译是上海慧致翻译公司主营翻译业务之一,专利翻译不但含有行业技术类的专业术语,涉及到严格的法律翻译语言,还有专利行业所特有的惯例性的说法,这些因素决定了专利翻译行业是一般的译员无法完成的。下面就给大家说下专利翻译要注意的事项有哪些。

  Patent translation is one of the main translation businesses of Shanghai Huizhi translation company. Patent translation not only contains the technical terms of the industry, but also involves the strict legal translation language, as well as the unique conventional statements of the patent industry. These factors determine that the patent translation industry is impossible for ordinary translators to complete. Now let's talk about what we should pay attention to in patent translation.

  一、要避免低级的语法错误。

  1、 Avoid low-level syntax errors.

  这是最基本的,就好比冠词应该注意与名词之间的搭配,两个部件就需要用两个冠词,不能因为多个部件连续罗列就忽视冠词的用法,有时候也需要根据语境进行判断;介词的使用要需要值得注意,要使用正确;名词包括单数和复数,不能混淆单复数使得译文出现矛盾;动词是比较复杂的一种,需要分时态,分主动还是被动,在时态上不能出现错误的同时还需要考虑到动词自身的用法,语法以及单词的使用就不一一说明了,关键在于细心。

  This is the most basic. For example, articles should pay attention to the collocation with nouns. Two parts need to use two articles. The usage of articles cannot be ignored because multiple parts are listed consecutively. Sometimes, it needs to be judged according to the context. Prepositions need to be noted and used correctly. Nouns include singular and plural. The singular and plural cannot be confused to make the translation appear spear The verb is a more complex one, which needs to be divided into tense, active or passive. When there is no error in tense, it also needs to consider the usage of the verb itself. The grammar and the use of words are not explained one by one, the key is to be careful.

  二、要避免语义与逻辑上的错误。

  2、 Avoid semantic and logical mistakes.

  在翻译之前,一定要彻底的理解全文,不能在没有理解的情况下就贸然进行翻译。这样会导致错误的翻译。要符合英文的读写习惯,不能按照中文的方法逐字翻译,这样不仅使文章读起来语句不通,也会存在很大的语法错误。不能够漏译,尤其是技术方面的演绎。专业的词汇一定要恰当的使用。

  Before translation, we must thoroughly understand the full text, and we cannot translate without understanding. This will result in incorrect translation. In order to conform to the reading and writing habits of English, it is not allowed to translate word by word according to the Chinese method, which will not only make the sentences of the article unreadable, but also cause great grammatical errors. No omission, especially technical interpretation. Professional vocabulary must be used properly.

  三、常用符号也是很重要的,不能忽视。

  3、 Common symbols are also very important and cannot be ignored.

  例如标点符号,字母大小写,上下标,希腊字母等等这一系列都是需要注意的,需要译员很细心,不能犯这种低级的错误。

  For example, punctuation, capital and lowercase letters, superscripts and subscripts, Greek letters and so on need to be paid attention to. Translators need to be very careful and can't make such low-level mistakes.

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